$8.99. After the death of Charlemagne, the present-day territory of Belgium (except the County of Flanders) became part of Lotharingia, which had a flag of two horizontal red stripes separated by a white stripe.  During the Napoleonic period, the three colours acquired a more idealistic meaning for the population: the green represents hope, the white represents faith and the red represents love. , The Italian cockade then reappeared several years later on 13–14 November 1794 worn by a group of students of the University of Bologna, led by Luigi Zamboni and Giovanni Battista De Rolandis, who attempted to plot a popular riot to topple the Catholic government of Bologna, a city which was part of the Papal States at the time. The President of the Italian Republic has an official standard. Pour eux, ce drapeau n’est pas symbole de paix, mais plutôt de division.  Other flags with green, white and red in horizontal bands are those of Bulgaria, Iran, Oman and Tajikistan. Documenten. The Frecce Tricolori, officially known as the 313º Gruppo Addestramento Acrobatico, is its aerobatic demonstration team. From United Kingdom. Indeed may be compensated by these employers, helping keep Indeed free for jobseekers. FLAG ITALY PIN BADGE DRAPEAU ITALIE FOOT CUP 1990 COCA COLA VINTAGE PINS us4/2. Vertalingen in context van "allemagne grèce espagne france irlande italie luxembourg" in Frans-Nederlands van Reverso Context: Danemark Allemagne Grèce Espagne France Irlande Italie Luxembourg Pays-Bas Autriche The Italian tricolor, like other tricolour flags, is inspired by the French one, introduced by the revolution in the autumn of 1790 on French Navy warships and symbol of the renewal perpetrated by the origins of Jacobinism. Chacune de ces provinces possède son propre emblème, donc son propre drapeau. Ce dernier a vaincu le mouvement catholique à la Boyle. The flag of Italy (Italian: Bandiera d'Italia, Italian: [banˈdjɛːra diˈtaːlja]), often referred to in Italian as il Tricolore (Italian: [il trikoˈloːre]); is a tricolour featuring three equally sized vertical pales of green, white and red, with the green at the hoist side. Displayed here are job ads that match your query. , The shades of green, white and red were first specified by these official documents:, New documents then replaced the previous ones:. , Due to the common arrangement of the colours, at first sight, it seems that the only difference between the Italian and the Mexican flag is only the Aztec coat of arms present in the second; in reality the Italian tricolour uses lighter shades of green and red, and has different proportions than the Mexican flag: those of the Italian flag are equal to 2:3, while the proportions of the Mexican flag are 4:7. ( Déconnexion / 298, extraordinary edition, of 27 December 1947 and entered into force on 1 January 1948: If the flag is exposed horizontally, the green part should be placed at the hoist side, with the white one in a central position and the red one outside, while if the banner is exposed vertically the green section should be placed above. vertically striped green-white-red national flag.  The following adoption of the Italian flag by a state body, the Cispadan Republic, was inspired by this Bolognese banner, linked to a municipal reality and therefore still having a purely local scope, and to the previous military banners of the Lombard Legion and Italian Legion, which took place on 7 January 1797. Cela est lié au fait qu’il est formé de trois couleurs : le vert pâle du côté de la hampe, le blanc et l’orange pâle. In de 'algemene richtlijnen' vind je de maatregelen die zijn genomen om uitwisseling van het coronavirus tegen te gaan. Changer ), Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Twitter. Stone Island Official Site. [...]. , The need to precisely define the colours was born from an event that happened at the Justus Lipsius building, seat of the Council of the European Union, of the European Council and of their Secretariat, when an Italian MEP, in 2002, noticed that the colours of the Italian flag were unrecognizable with red, for example, which had a shade that turned towards orange: for this reason the government, following the report of this MEP, decided to specifically define the colours of the Italian national flag. ( Déconnexion / Roman legions had carried the aquila, or eagle, as signa militaria. Het strand is echter dichterbij dan je denkt, maar 25 kilometer van het centrum. , The first red, white and green national flag of a sovereign Italian state was instead adopted, as mentioned, on 7 January 1797, when the Fourteenth Parliament of the Cispadane Republic, on the proposal of deputy Giuseppe Compagnoni of Lugo, decreed "to make universal the ... standard or flag of three colours, green, white, and red ...":, [...] From the minutes of the XIV Session of the Cispadan Congress: Reggio Emilia, 7 January 1797, 11 am. IBAN.com provides Software as a Service (SaaS) solutions designed to validate and calculate International Bank Account Number (IBAN). Ce drapeau était de couleur blanche avec une croix rouge au milieu.  The similarity between the two flags posed a serious problem in maritime transport, given that originally the Mexican mercantile flag was devoid of arms and therefore was consequently identical to the Italian Republican tricolour of 1946; to obviate the inconvenience, at the request of the International Maritime Organization, both Italy and Mexico adopted naval flags with different crests. Shop clothing and accessories from the FALL WINTER_'020'021 Collection online.  It then began to appear outside public buildings, schools, judicial offices and post offices . Vers 1 642, le drapeau confédéré de ce pays avait un fond vert. , In Reggio nell'Emilia, the Festa del Tricolore is celebrated in Piazza Prampolini, in front of the town hall, in the presence of one of the highest offices of the Italian Republic (the President of the Italian Republic or the president of one of the chambers), who attends the 'flag-raising on the notes of Il Canto degli Italiani and which renders military honors a reproduction of the flag of the Cispadane Republic. Chaque bande du tricolore irlandais a une signification bien précise. Sacrario delel Bandiere), the museum that collects and preserves disused Italian war flags. Brand New. Image actuelle du drapeau de l'Irlande avec les principales informations, y compris des détails sur le pays.  This version lasted until 2000 from where it was replaced by the current version. Dans le but de défendre l’honneur du pays, plusieurs lois stipulent le respect de ce drapeau en Irlande. Ce drapeau est assez identique à celui du Côte d’Ivoire, surtout en matière de couleur, sauf que pour celui du Côte d’Ivoire, c’est la couleur orange qui se trouve du côté de hampe. The tricolore, in this context, had a universal, transversal meaning, shared by both monarchists and republicans, progressives and conservatives and Guelphs as well as by the Ghibellines: it was chosen as the flag of a united Italy also for this reason.  Even among the aristocrats it was successful: the most important families often had a flag bearer installed on the main façade of their mansions where they placed the Italian tricolor. The flags that they adopted, marked the link to Italian independence and unification efforts; the former, the Italian tricolour undefaced, and the latter, charged with the winged lion of St. Mark, from the flag of the Most Serene Republic, on a white canton. The European flag is also flown from government buildings on a daily basis. Vers 1 590, la croix de saint Patrick, qui était le saint patron de l’Irlande représentait le pays. Quant au blanc au milieu, c’est la couleur universelle de la paix. Même s’il n’existe pas de version officielle, il existe plusieurs interprétations liées à ces couleurs. En 1 688, il y a eu une confrontation entre les protestants d’origine anglicans, issus de la Maison d’Orange et les catholiques de l’Irlande Uni.  This version was short lived however as only two years later it was replaced by the 1965 standard, only with a smaller emblem. The standard is kept in the custody of the Commander of the Reggimento Corazzieri of the Arma dei Carabinieri, along with the war flag (assigned to Regiment in 1878). Sala Patriottica. A philosophic and Catholic interpretation associates the tricolour with the theological virtues: Hope (Green), Faith (White), and Love (Red). This celebration commemorates the first official adoption of the tricolour as a national flag by the Cispadane Republic, a Napoleonic sister republic of Revolutionary France, which took place in Reggio Emilia on 7 January 1797. Italy’s own Dante Alighieri); this references the three theological virtues. , The Italian flag came back strongly after the Armistice of Cassibile of 8 September 1943, where it was taken as a symbol by the two sides who faced each other in the Italian Civil War in an attempt to recall the Risorgimento and its cultural tradition. Italië is van plan de grenzen vanaf 3 juni te openen voor reizigers van en naar het buitenland.  In the military sphere it is announced by trumpet blasts and is performed on the notes of Il Canto degli Italiani by Goffredo Mameli and Michele Novaro, Italian national anthem since 1946. C $3.48. Each comune also has a gonfalone bearing its coat of arms.  On 18 October 1796, together with the establishment of the Italian Legion (the military banner of this military unit was composed of a red, white and green tricolor, probably inspired by the similar decision of the Lombard Legion), the wire Napoleonic congregation of magistrates and deputy deputies of Bologna, at the third point of the discussion, decided to create a civic banner red, white and green, this time released from military use. " As the arms, blazoned gules a cross argent, mixed with the white of the flag, it was fimbriated azure, blue being the dynastic colour, although this does not conform to the heraldic rule of tincture. The banner should be exposed to every official engagement of the president and on the vehicles that carry it, however it is almost never used. , The flagship, which takes place in the evening, is instead slower and more solemn so as not to make it seem a rapid lowering. Official website of Republic of Ireland Surname Map. Italy Executive Board Calendar. On 25 April 1945, known as festa della liberazione, the government of Benito Mussolini fell. , Other less probable conjectures that explain the adoption of the green hypothesize a tribute that Napoleon wanted to give to Corsica, where he was born, or to a possible reference to the verdant Italian landscape. This lasted for four months, while the Papal States of the Church was in abeyance. L’Irlandais tricolore a une proportion de 1 sur 2. De là se sont dégagées les couleurs orange et verte deux partis opposés. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. Ce n’est qu’à partir de 1 830 que ces couleurs ont été réunis dans un seul drapeau avec le blanc, pour signifier une paix entre les partis adversaires. The Lombard Legion was therefore the first Italian military department to equip itself, as a banner, with a tricolour flag.  These lasted until 6 and 24 August 1849 respectively. Sat 24 Oct Ireland v Italy. Italie.nl heeft álles: zee, meren, bergen, heuvels, vlakte…. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.A rich history of flags and coats of arms has existed in Italy since at least the 1200s, but the lack of national unification meant that there was no recognized flag representing all Italian-populated areas. In the same year, the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia revolted against the Austrian Empire in the Five Days of Milan, forming the Provisional Government of Lombardy on 22 March 1848 and Provisional Government of Venice, the so-called "Republic of San Marco", a day later. Vertalingen in context van "danemark allemagne grèce espagne france irlande italie" in Frans-Nederlands van Reverso Context: Belgique Danemark Allemagne Grèce Espagne France Irlande Italie Luxembourg Pays-Bas Autriche Portugal The chosen colours were white and red since those are the colours of the flag of Bologna, some scholars contend green was added only for the event to give it a more ideological effect; not all agree that the cockades used by the Bologna plotters actually had three colours, since a myth about that may have been created a year later. Explore content created by others. Disposées parallèlement, elles sont perpendiculaires aux bords du drapeau. Three-try Ireland move up to second in the Women's Six Nations standings with a 21-7 win over Italy at Energia Park. Cependant, ce drapeau n’a pas été officialisé en Irlande du Nord, qui a été divisé du reste de l’Irlande en 1 921.  The Italian gazettes of the time had in fact created confusion about the French facts, especially on the replacement of green with blue, reporting the news that the French tricolour was green, white and red. , On 11 October 1796 Napoleon communicated to the Directorate the birth of the Lombard Legion, a military unit constituted by the General Administration of Lombardy, a government that was headed by the Transpadane Republic. Il est à remarquer que c’est Thomas Francis Meagher qui a présenté le tricolore en publique pour la première fois.  Traditionally, the flag may be decorated with a golden fringe surrounding the perimeter. Image not available. Italian patriots later identified the three colours with the Mediterranean maquis (Green), the snow-capped Alps (White), and the blood spilt during the Risorgimento (Red). On 15 April 1861, the flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia was declared the flag of the newly formed Kingdom of Italy. , As the similarity suggests, the Italian tricolour derives from the flag of France, which was born during the French revolution from the union of white – the colour of the monarchy – with red and blue – the colours of Paris and which became the symbol of social and political renewal perpetrated by the original Jacobinism. With the birth of the Italian Republic (1946), thanks to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers No. Italy have lost all three of their games to date, losing to France, Wales and Scotland. The law students defined themselves as "patriots" and wore tricolour cockades to signal they were inspired by Jacobin revolutionary ideals, but modified them also to distinguish themselves from the French cockade. En tout, le drapeau signifie l’union des deux communautés de l’Irlande et reflète son indépendance. After 1893, the proportions were altered from 1:1 to 5:6, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Undersecretary of State for the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, President of the Council of Ministers of Italy, Wars of Italian Independence and Unification, "Le drapeau français – Présidence de la République", "Otto mesi prima di Reggio il tricolore era già una realtà", "Mostra Giovan Battista De Rolandis e il Tricolore", "Il significato dei tre colori della nostra Bandiera Nazionale", "Bologna, 28 ottobre 1796: Nascita della Bandiera Nazionale Italiana", facsimile of the 1922 English translation, 1860 — La nuova bandiera dei Corpi di Fanteria e Cavalleria, 1863 — Bandiere per le fortezze, torri e stabilimenti militari, https://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Verbali_del_Consiglio_dei_Ministri_della_Repubblica_Sociale_Italiana_settembre_1943_-_aprile_1945/24_novembre_1943, "La Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana", Dopo 206 anni codificati i toni del nostro simbolo nazionale, Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica del 9 ottobre 2000, Decreto legislativo n. 535 del 5 maggio 1948, "I Simboli della Repubblica – lo Stendardo", "Previous Presidential Standard (1965–1990,1992–2000)", Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica del 17 maggio 2001, Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica n. 121 del 7 aprile 2000, The Rules of Protocol regarding national holidays and the use of the Italian flag, "Perché la bandiera italiana è verde bianca rossa", Dal discorso di Giosuè Carducci, tenuto il 7 gennaio 1897 a Reggio Emilia per celebrare il 1° centenario della nascita del Tricolore, "Al via al Quirinale le celebrazioni per il 2 giugno con il Cambio della Guardia d'onore", "Museo centrale del Risorgimento – Complesso del Vittoriano", "Il Sacrario delle Bandiere al Vittoriano", "Origini della bandiera tricolore italiana", Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states, Museum of the Risorgimento (Castelfidardo), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flag_of_Italy&oldid=992462699, Articles with dead external links from December 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Italian naval ensign comprises the national flag defaced with the arms of the Marina Militare; the Marina Mercantile (and private citizens at sea) use the civil ensign, differenced by the absence of the mural crown and the lion holding open the gospel, bearing the inscription PAX TIBI MARCE EVANGELISTA MEVS, instead of a sword. Ce drapeau était de couleur blanche avec une croix rouge au milieu. Mais pour qu’il soit le drapeau officiel, il a fallu attendre l’année 1 916. , In Rome, at the Quirinal Palace, the ceremonial foresees instead the change of the Guard of honour in solemn form with the deployment and the parade of the Corazzieri Regiment in gala uniform and the Fanfare of the Carabinieri Cavalry Regiment. During this period, the tricolore became the symbol which united all the efforts of the Italian people towards freedom and independence. The flag of the Constitutional Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, a white field charged with the coats of arms of Castile, Leon, Aragon, Two Sicilies, and Granada, was modified by Ferdinand II through the addition of a red and green border. Board Discussions on Italy. Remaining fixtures. , On 19 June 1796, Bologna was occupied by Napoleon's troops. Live. Its current form has been in use since 18 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948. Il a été porté par le mouvement Young Irlande ou Jeune Irlande. , The first documented trace of the use of Italian national colours is dated 21 August 1789: in the historical archives of the Republic of Genoa it is reported that eyewitnesses had seen some demonstrators pinned on their clothes hanging a red, white and green cockade on their clothes. The Republican tricolour was then officially and solemnly delivered to the Italian military corps on 4 November 1947 on the occasion of National Unity and Armed Forces Day.  This has a white square on the blue field, charged with the arms of the Republic in silver. Het is een grote stap op weg naar vrijheid. Het Verenigd Koninkrijk heeft op 31 januari 2020 de Europese Unie verlaten. Ces couleurs sont disposés verticalement et possèdent la même largeur. In the presence of a foreign visitor belonging to a member state, this takes precedence over the Italian flag. The territory then passed into Spanish hands, and after the coronation of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, yellow and red, the colours of Spain, were added. the flag is rotated 90 degrees).  The universally adopted ratio is 2:3, while the war flag is squared (1:1). It is worthy of note, however, that the arms bear the red-white-red flag of Austria, the opponent of Italian unification.  On this document, with reference to its war flag, which followed the French tricolour and which was proposed to Napoleon by the Milanese patriots, it is reported that this military unit would have had a red, white and green banner (red and white in honor of the flag of Milan, and green from the uniform of the civic guard of Milan). italian jobs in Ireland. Il est aussi hissé sur tout bâtiment officiel dans chaque pays étranger où l’Irlande possède des représentants comme dans les consulats et les ambassades. The colours chosen by the Cispadane Republic were red and white, which were the colours of the flag of recently conquered Milan, and green, which was the colour of the uniform of the Milanese civic guard. , With the March on Rome (1922) and the establishment of the fascist dictatorship the Italian flag lost its symbolic uniqueness partly obscured by the iconography of the regime. Vers 1 642, le drapeau confédéré de ce pays avait un fond vert. In the same year, after Napoleon had crowned himself first French Emperor, the Italian Republic was transformed into the first Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, or Italico, under his direct rule. Il a été inspiré du drapeau français. ( Déconnexion /  Inside the "Central Museum of the Risorgimento at the Vittoriano", this is its name, there are about seven hundred historical flags belonging to the Italian Army, Italian Navy and Italian Air Force departments, as well as the tricolour flag with which it was wrapped in 1921 coffin of the Unknown Soldier on his journey to the Altar of the Patria. , The standard of President of the Council of Ministers of Italy, introduced for the first time in 1927 by Benito Mussolini, in its first form a littorio beam appeared in the middle of the drape. , The oldest documented trace that mentions the Italian tricolour flag is linked to Napoleon Bonaparte's first descent into the Italian peninsula. Les couleurs sont même normalisées. When displayed alongside other flags, the national flag takes the position of honour; it is raised first and lowered last. Photographs that are "intellectual work with creative characteristics" are protected for 70 years after the author's death (Art. Lees welke landen onder de Europese Unie (EU) vallen. The emblem was also much larger. The Provisional Government of Sicily, which lasted from 12 January 1848 to 15 May 1849, adopted the Italian tricolour, defaced with the trinacria, or triskelion. Vers 1 590, la croix de saint Patrick, qui était le saint patron de l’Irlande représentait le pays. Voor een strandvakantie naar Rome, dat hoor je niet vaak. , Another hypothesis that attempts to explain the meaning of the three Italian national colours would, without historical bases, be that the green is linked to the colour of the meadows and the Mediterranean maquis, the white to that of the snows of the Alps and the red to the blood spilt in the Wars of Italian Independence and Unification. Wanneer verlaat het Verenigd Koninkrijk de Europese Unie? 2, § 7). Details about FLAG IRELAND PIN BADGE DRAPEAU IRLANDE FOOT … Between 1820 and 1861, a sequence of events led to the independence and unification of Italy (except for Venetia, Rome, Trento and Trieste, known as Italia irredenta, which were united with the rest of Italy in 1866, 1870, and 1918 respectively); this period of Italian history is known as the Risorgimento, or resurgence. Elk gebied heeft zijn eigen karakteristieken zowel qua natuur als steden, maar ook qua eten en drinken. It is always treated with dignity and should never be allowed to touch the ground or water. This affair is commemorated in the opening of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace.. Après le passage de la Constitution d’Irlande en 1 937, dans l’article 7, le tricolore fut adopté comme étant le drapeau national officiel du pays. [...], "Well, Prince, so Genoa and Lucca are now just family estates of the Bonapartes,", "Per viemmeglio dimostrare con segni esteriori il sentimento dell'unione italiana vogliamo che le Nostre truppe ... portino lo scudo di Savoia sovrapposto alla bandiera tricolore italiana."  Opportunity suggested the most natural solution was the Italian tricolour defaced with the coat of arms; however, under conditions of poor visibility, this could easily be mistaken for the standard of the President of the United States of Mexico, which is also that country's national flag.  After various events it came to 7 January 1797, the date of the adoption of the tricolour flag by the Cispadane Republic, the first Italian sovereign state to make use of it.  In particular, it was used by the partisans as a symbol of the struggle against tyrants and emblem of the dream of a free Italy: even the communist partisan brigades, which had the red flag as the official banner, often waved the Italian flag.. , Standard of a substitute President of the Republic, Standard of a President Emeritus of the Republic, Standard of the President of the Council of Ministers of Italy, The naval flags carry symbols in the center of the white band to distinguish themselves from the flag of Mexico:, The law, implementing Article 12 of the Constitution and following of Italy's membership of the European Union, lays down the general provisions governing the use and display of the flag of the Italian Republic and the flag of Europe (in its territory)..  On the document the term «green» was subsequently crossed and replaced by «bleu», that is, by the colour that forms – together with white and red – the French flag. Betrouwbaar, gratis en snel op NU.nl, de grootste nieuwssite van Nederland. The flag was maintained until 1802, when it was renamed the Napoleonic Italian Republic, and a new flag was adopted, this time with a red field carrying a green square within a white lozenge. Opens image gallery. The Italian tricolor with a different aspect ratio. La bande orange de droite représente, pour les protestants, la victoire du roi Guillaume III en juillet 1 690. , A more religious interpretation is that the green represents hope, the white represents faith, and the red represents charity (an interpretation of the tricolor noted even in 1320 in the Divine Comedy of Other national flags should be arranged in alphabetical order.  Since 1914, the Italian Air Force have also used a roundel of concentric rings in the colours of the tricolour as aircraft marking; substituted, from 1923 to 1943, by encircled fasces. Elle représente donc une trêve de longue durée entre le mouvement catholique et les partisans minoritaire de Guillaume III, issu de la Maison d’Orange. Its current form has been in use since 18 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948.. This flag lasted from 3 April 1848 until 19 May 1849. Picture Information. 1 of 19 June 1946, the Italian flag was modified; compared to the monarchic banner, the Savoy coat of arms was eliminated. 174 of 28 July 2006. T.V.A.  Work of the National Association returning from imprisonment, internment and liberation war, it was 1,570 m long, 4,8 m wide and had an area of 7,536 m²: it paraded in Rome, from the Colosseum to the Capitoline Hill.. On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. Our platform performs various mathematical checksum calculations in order to determine if the bank account you entered is valid. Le set complet Irlande se compose de 188 fichiers avec le drapeau d'Irlande. The Cispadane Republic and the Transpadane Republic, which had itself been using a vertical Italian tricolour from 1796, merged into the Cisalpine Republic and adopted the vertical square tricolour without badge in 1798.  The Vittoriano also houses the Flag Memorial (it. This remained in use until the abdication of Napoleon in 1814. , Flag of the Cisalpine Republic (1798–1802), Flag of the Italian United Provinces (1831), Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1848–1849), Flag of the Republic of San Marco (1848–1849), Flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia (1848–1851), Flag of the Kingdom of Sicily (1848–1849), Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1848–1849), Flag of the Free cities of Menton and Roquebrune (1848–1849), Flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia (1851–1861), Flag of the United Provinces of Central Italy (1859–1860), Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1860–1861), Flag of the Italian Social Republic (1943–1945), War flag of the Italian Social Republic (1 December 1943 to 5 May 1944), War flag of the Italian Social Republic (6 May 1944 to 7 May 1945), Flag of the National Liberation Committee (1943–1945), Flag of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (1950–1960).  In less than twenty years, the flag red, white and green, from a simple flag derived from the French one, had acquired its own peculiarity, becoming very famous and known.  The tricolour waved for the first time in the history of the Risorgimento in the Cittadella of Alessandria during the revolutions of 1820 to then reappear during revolutions of 1830.  The green was then maintained by the Italian Jacobins because it represented nature and therefore – metaphorically – also natural rights, or social equality and freedom. , This spread throughout the Italian peninsula was the demonstration that the tricolour flag had by now assumed a consolidated symbolism valid throughout the national territory.
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